The Protoindo European god Yayash, Yaë or Yave, a protective god whose symbol was a tree, signifying possibly '"walking", "going", "a pilgrim", has been dated back to the Indus River valley, circa 2900 B.C.E. He has been identified with the Turko Syrian Yahveh, a "sacred animal or organization".
"Yahweh appears to have been originally a sky god - a god of thunder and lightning. He was associated with mountains and was called by the enemies of Israel 'a god of the hills'. His manifestation was often as fire, as at Mount Sinai and in the burning bush." "A shorter form, 'Yah', was also used (Exodus 15:2) and some scholars believe that this is the older form, originating in an exclamation to God - 'Yah!' - which came to be accepted as the divine name. Others claim that it is from the root 'hayah', 'to be' or 'to become', and that it meant 'I am that I am' or I will be that I will be'. According to one tradition of the call of Moses, the divine name Yahweh was revealed to him in Egypt: - Great Events of Bible Times
"Originally, these four consonants [in YHWH] represented the four members of the Heavenly Family: Y represented El the Father; H was Asherah the Mother; W corresponded to He the Son; and H was the Daughter Anath. In accordance with the royal traditions of the time and region, God's mysterious bride, the Matronit, was also reckoned to be his sister. In the Jewish cult of the Cabbala God's dual male-female image was perpetuated.
Meanwhile other sects perceived the Shekinah or Matronit as the female presence of God on Earth. The divine marital chamber was the sanctuary of the Jerusalem Temple, but from the moment the Temple was destroyed, the Matronit was destined to roam the Earth while the male aspect of Jehovah was left to rule the heavens alone." - Laurence Gardner, Bloodline of the Holy Grail, p. 18
One of the last items faced concerning the Scriptures is of more recent origin and may account for the vast majority of the linguistic problems that occur. I refer to the reworking of the Hebrew language by the Masorites and Tiberians, between the 6th to 12th centuries C.E. The Masorites were responsible for many of the alterations in the vowels and definitions of the Hebrew words. In that the language had not been a spoken one for at least a hundred years before their endeavor, and not until 1948 was it brought back to life again after not being spoken for nearly 1600 years. This is one reason why meanings of a number of words are unknown thus making it difficult for the modern scholar to rely solely on the Hebrew version as the last authority. This is why the tablets from Ebla are still important as the language is akin to the Hebrew and can give us a clearer understanding of 'uncertain' words.
- Rev. Robert Palmer (private correspondence).
- Rev. Robert Palmer (private correspondence).
Because the Hebrew language does not employ vowels in its written form, the correct pronunciation of the Ineffable Name of God was lost & not rediscovered until about 300AD by the Kabbalists who gave it the title Tetragrammaton, "the word of four letters," & "the square name," or more simply, "the square." At that time the Shem-ha-meforash became represented by the simple form YHVH. -Charles Ponce, Kabbalah, p 175
This hypothesis is not intrinsically improbable, and in Aramaic, a language closely related to Hebrew, "to be" actually is hawa--but it should be noted that in adopting it we admit that, using the name Hebrew in the historical sense, Yahweh is not a Hebrew name. -Ency Brit 11Ed Vol 15 p 321
The causative theme of hayah is found in no Semitic language, except the late Syriac, but is replaced by that of some other root. Those, therefore who still regard it as causative refer it to hawah, found once in Hebrew in the form hawa "fell"; they interpret this as "he who causes to fall" (Robertson Smith; cf. Arab. "haway". -Ency Brit 1958 Ed Vol 12, p 996
The oldest exegetes, such as Onkelos, and the Targumim of Jerusalem regard "Ehyeh" and "Ehyeh asher Ehyeh" as the name of the Divinity.
-Jewish Ency, Funk & Wagnalls, 1925 Ed p 119
-Jewish Ency, Funk & Wagnalls, 1925 Ed p 119
Today we cannot know what the original vowels were, but Yahweh is as good as guess as we can make, though other spellings are often used. -Samuel Cartledge, A Conservative Introduction To The Old Testament, p51
It is perhaps true that God was known only by the word "Elohim" from Adam until Abraham. Abraham called God "Lord," ...in Hebrew Adonai (Genesis 18:3). Yet God said in Exodus 6:3 he was revealed to Abraham as Elshaddai and that by his name "Ehyeh" as given to Moses at the burning bush, he was not made known to Abraham. It was because Abraham called God "Adonai" that the Jews inserted this title meaning "Lord" into the scrolls at every instance "Ehyeh" was originally written after the revealing of it at the burning bush. There, when Moses asked God about his name, God said it was "Ehyeh asher Ehyeh" (translated I Am that I Am): and told Moses, tell them that "Ehyeh" (or I AM) has sent you.
Since Moses wrote Genesis after he received the revelation of the new name of "Ehyeh" we can assume that Moses inserted into the sacred record the title/name "Adonai" or Lord, in such texts as Genesis 4:26. But it must be noted that in Genesis 4:26 the word "began" is Strongs #2490 in the Hebrew really means to profane the name of God by calling upon it in blasphemy. This does not mean Enos profane the name of God. It means in his day men began to blaspheme the name of God. The text says: "then began man to call upon the name of the LORD." Properly translated it would say: "then man blasphemed the name of ADONAI (LORD). First comes the name, men use it in respect, then the evil and wicked begin to blaspheme against it. This is parallel to the name Jesus. First comes the name and men use it with respect, then came the blasphemers against the name which we have had ever since.
Noah had to put up with this prior to the flood. What is being said here is that men from that time, or the time of Enos, began to profane the name of God. Moses called God "Lord" (Adonai) here and the word rightly should be "Lord" and not as some backward interpolate, YHVH and then Yahweh. There can be absolutely no sacred name used prior to Exodus 3:14-15 other than those names revealed. Those revealed prior to this time were the names "God" (Elohim) and "Elshaddai" (God Almighty). Any place the title "Lord" appears prior to Exodus 3:14-15 is either an interpolation or it must have the meaning of Adonai (Strongs #136, 113). In each case of Abraham using the title "Lord" as in Genesis 22:14, the word was not a substitue of the tetragrammaton to then be translated Jehovah or Yahweh. Abraham had to say "Adonai jireh" (Lord I see, NOT Jehovah will provide). This is in harmony with the fact that until Moses received the sacred name "Ehyeh" at the burning bush, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob knew the Deity only as Elohim-God, Elohim-God-Almighty-Elshaddai, and Adonai (LORD). One fact remaining: the word "Adonai" was not a name it was a title therefore God could say to Moses that he was known to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, by the name of Elshaddai, and by his name "Ehyeh or Ehjeh (the y has a J sound here)" he was not made known to them (Exodus 6:3).
The Egyptian moon god "Iah" is called "lord" which in the glyphs is "Neb" from which we get Nebu "the lords" and such names a "Neb-o, Neb-ai, Neb-aioth, Neb-ajoth, Neb-ballat, Neb-at, Neb-u-chadnezzar, Neb-u-shasban, and Neb-u-zar. Nebu or Neb-o in Egyptian means "lord" and in the Paleo-Hebrew language 'Neb" is translated "baal." Because this Egyptian name or title did not represent the true God, it is not used by the Godly Israelites in their personal names or the names of places. That Mount Nebo was named such had to be before Moses ascended this mount. This mount was obviously dedicated to some "lord" or god which in later years under the reign of Mesha, king of Moab, was found an altar allegedly to a god named YHWH! Since this altar was found in Nebo during the reign of Ahab, and Mesha considered this altar to be the altar of the god of Ahab, it is not hard to see right away that Ahab's god was baal and not the true God (1Kings 16:30-32). Therefore, the altar identified on the Moabite Stone along with the god YHWH was the god Baal. Keep in mind that in the days of Mesha that the name "Israel" was the identity of the northen ten tribes under Ahab. So, for Mesha to say he took the altar of YHWH, presumed to be the god of the northern ten tribes under Ahab called Israel, he only dragged back before Kemosh his god an altar of baal. The name Israel DID NOT identify the tribe of Judah at this time not did the name of the god YHWH identify the name of the True God of Judah! YHWH has absolutely no connection to the true God. This is another case where the tetragrammaton is associated with paganism, witchcraft, sorcery, and idolatry.
Moses and others transferred to Proto-Sinatic and Phoenician Paleo-Hebrew many Egyptian word phonetics and new word forms were created. Scholars are at debate if Paleo-Hebrew word forms are derived from Egyptian or Phonicean. The modern "J" sounding is nearly the same as the Egyptian soft "G" and the cobra stood for both articulations. It is only reasonable then to see that the Paleo-Hebrew "G" and the "I" also carried the same characteristics. Moses used the Egyptian "Je" as in "Jelly" giving the letter "I" the "Jod" or "G - J" when he renamed Paleo-Hebrew Oshea to Jehoshea. The Babel Babylonian Aramaic corruptions are Jehoshua, Joshua, and Yeshua. Moses never called Oshea any of these names. How could he, when these Aramiac names would not be invented for another 1,400 years?
In the ancient Egyptian script the cobra stood for both the letters "G" and "J" and since Moses transferred to the Paleo-Hebrew new word forms using the Egyptian language we expect these sounds to follow. And they did follow up to at least the Babel Babylonian adoption of Aramaic around 600BC. Then it appears the "J" sounding became "Y." Even later transfer of these word forms into Arabic as "e"as in Essa (Jesus). The Aramaic "Y' into German Yiddish was the source of most Protestant adoption of Yeshua and then called it Hebrew. Babel Aramaic is not Hebrew. It is a lie to call Babel Aramaic Hebrew. It is very deceptive and makes people believe Yeshua and other invented names are the true name of Jesus. The Massoretics who followed up the Babel Babylonian Aramaic perverters also dropped the "J" sounding. But they had a reason. The Jews took vows to blot out the name of Jesus from the earth and invented several blasphemous names for him. It is they who adopted the "Y" sound used today. We know this all comes down to us because the Pharisees had pledged to blot out the name of Jesus from the earth. By removing the pronounciation of the ancient "J" sound from the letter "I" this was accomplished. But, we see the majestic hand of God when the J sound was restored via a new and different method in the King James Version with the name of Jesus correctly pronounced.
Make a careful note of an important hermaneutic cornerstone: the prefix to the name of Oshea is not "Yah" it is "YEH" or "JEH." A fact so many either overlook on purpose or their error causes them to give it little recognition or weight. The problem is inserting the vowel between I and H. Is the correct vowel "a" or is it "e"? The "a" was selected no doubt because the name of the Egyptian moon god had the "a" between the "I" and the "H" forming "IAH" or "YAH." The Massoretes inserted the vowel point for "a" into "IH" and this corruption has been the source of that error ever since.
We also want to keep in mind that alphabet sounds were also altered when the Jews adopted Aramaic Babylonian articulations for letters and also pronunciation of word forms. The letter "I" in some cases was given the "E-e" sound As in Yehshu(s) where the "Y" or "J" sound is changed into an "e" so that Jehshu(s) is rendered "eesho" with no masculine (s)ending the name. These were further altered by the Massoretes who used forms of Yiddish (ancient German), and from this we have the "yah, yud, and yod" sounds of "I and Y." From this also comes the hybrid spelling Yeshua. There still seems to be a remnant of the "J" sound in German "Jah" as when saying the word "yes." Among the Sephardic Jews of Spain and in their ancient Ladino the "I" or "J" took on the Spanish "H" sound "hey" which is a perversion when applied to the sacred name of Jesus. When you make an academic choice take the Sephardic prounciation of alphabet letters to be more Hebrew sounding BEFORE you adopt the Babel Babylonian Aramaic ones.
In every case, when someone gives you an invented name for Jesus, remember, whatever name they give you must also be the name of Father God, because Jesus said he came in his Father's name. Ask yourself: was the name of Father God Yeshua, Jehoshua, Joshua, Yahshua, Essa, or YHWH? If so, then Jesus name would be the one claimed to be the name of God the Father.
In the New Testament Jesus and the Apostles never used YHWH or the monk guess names Jehovah or Yahweh.
Check out the genealogy of Jesus in Matthew and Luke and you will see they did not use "iah" at the ending of names as the Jews added to them in the Babel Babylonian Aramaic. This tells us they rejected this intrusion from Babylon even in the spelling of names.